Speech Language Pathology involves the evaluation and treatment of communication disorders and swallowing disorders. Speech-language pathologists, also called SLPs, work with people of all ages to assess, diagnose, treat and help prevent many types of communication and swallowing disorders.

These include problems with:

  • Speech sounds—how we say sounds and put sounds together into words. Other words for these problems are articulation or phonological disorders, apraxia of speech, or dysarthria.
  • Language—how well we understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking. In adults this problem may be called aphasia.
  • Literacy—how well we read and write. People with speech and language disorders may also have trouble reading, spelling, and writing.
  • Social communication—how well we follow rules, like taking turns, how to talk to different people, or how close to stand to someone when talking. This is also called pragmatics.
  • Voice—how our voices sound. We may sound hoarse, lose our voices easily, talk too loudly or through our noses, or be unable to make sounds.
  • Fluency—also called stuttering, is how well speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds, like t-t-t-table, use “um” or “uh,” or pause a lot when talking. Many young children will go through a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it.
  • Cognitive-communication—how well our minds work. Problems may involve memory, attention, problem solving, organization, and other thinking skills.
  • Feeding and swallowing—how well we suck, chew, and swallow food and liquid. A swallowing disorder may lead to poor nutrition, weight loss, and other health problems. This is also called dysphagia.
  • Motor Speech – how well the facial muscles work including tone, appearance and function.

Speech therapists often work in hospitals, schools, rehab and long term care facilities, in the home and in outpatient clinics.

If you believe you or a family member might benefit from speech therapy, talk to your doctor about a referral to the Center for Rehab and Sports Medicine at Murray Hospital.

For more information call 270-762-1854.